If you have the experience of eating and just never being satisfied, if wanting to eat all the time, and all the wrong foods you may have a condition that is known as leptin resistance. When you eat, fat cells in your body discharges a hormone called leptin. This hormone moves to the hypothalamus or the section of your brain that controls your appetite. Once in the brain leptin turns on neuropeptide Y or the protein that communicates you that you are hungry. This acts on craving suppressing signals and instructs your brain to discontinue being hungry and start using calories.
With this in mind, it is logical to assume that those who are overweight and have an unstoppable appetite have low levels of lepin. Research, however, proves that overweight people have high levels of leptin. Basically, the more fat you have; the more of this hormone you manufacture. When your body is constantly producing leptin in response to your overeating, the receptors in your hypothalamus wear out and can no longer recognize leptin. Those with resistance to leptin have high circulating levels of this hormone, but the receptors do not recognize leptin and cannot stop your appetite or stimulate calorie burning properties in your body.
Leptin resistance is similar to insulin problems in your body. The hormone that open cells and helps them use the glucose in your blood essentially shut down. You now have insulin resistance that causes high blood glucose levels and diabetes. Leptin resistance and insulin resistance are often seen together. You can prevent both problems by exercising, losing weight and eating healthy.
To determine if you are leptin resistance and to gain appetite control, there are a few things you need to do.
- Look in the mirror, check out your “love handles”, and if you are overweight you are leptin resistant.
- You need to begin eating right to reduced your leptin resistance. Eat within 30 minutes when you wake in the morning. Eat no more than 50 grams of carbs, and fill you breakfast with proteins and fat. One recommendation is to eat eggs with meats, poultry or fish. Drink protein shakes if you must. Lunch should also contain a great deal of protein. Proteins will keep you from becoming hungry.
- Do not snack at all. Snacking stresses your liver and your body needs to learn when to eat. Eat three meals a day; then reduce this to two meals a day if your do not feel hungry between meals.
- Allow at least four hours between meals and four to five hours between your last meal and sleeping. Work out after five pm.
- If you are hungry at first at night, try meditation rather than eating.
You are becoming leptin sensitive when you begin to notice weight loss, improved sleeping patterns, your sweating patterns change and you have higher energy levels. Your hunger and cravings are reduced and sleep is refreshing. After these symptoms begin and you feel energetic, it is time to start kicking up your exercise regimes.